The Ksar Tinghir in 1930
Lieutenant Beaurpère made in 1930 this description of the Ksar Tinghir:
Tinghir, 300 homes;
Issoukiin, Imazighen and Jews. Big Ksar
with 6 entries, right bank, at the foot of the hill Ighir n'Mehalt.
It's divided in 3 "adams": Harratin, Aït el Hajj Ali, Aït Barra.
A Mellah with 70 homes is in the center of the Ksar.
The Aït Barra are a small Ksar close Tinghir,
immediately south. They are counted with
it. Dignitaries: Ou Ali n’Ait Salem; Nasseur n’Ait Salem.
Important Zaouia Nassiria, founded by Sidi Smain.
Two domes inside: dome of Sidi Smain; dome of Sidi Meskour.
The old leader of the Zaouia, the Kadi Si El Mehdi En Nasiri, recognized and
respected by all, has been imprisoned in Telouet in 1927 by Glaoua, who suspected him of hostile intrigues. Hi died in Telouet in 1929.
Current Mokadem Sidi Haoussa.
Dignitary: Sidi Ali.
Tinghir includes 3 mosques. That of Harratin quarter contains the dome of Sidi Ameur
and has a minaret.
Other brotherhoods: Tijaniya: Si Ben Nasseur Ou Melrghad; Moha Haousa (from
Ksar Jdid); Qadyriya: Mokadem Haddou n’Aït Lhassen Ou Ali. Maraboutic homes of Ait Bou Tekhsain from Ferkla;
Maraboutic homes of Ait Bou Hellal, coming from Tadraklout, Metaghra.
Jewish dignitaries: Maghlouf n’Ikhelouin; Ichaia.
Tinghir obtain its water from the canals and, in case of siege, from a lot of wells.
specialty of slippers, leather tanning.
Trade: big Monday market in the edge of the small Ksar Ait Barra;
many stalls; the market's proceeds leases are paid to the Khalifa of Glaoui.
Every Monday 120 to 200 sheep are sold, 30 to 40 cows, some donkeys and some mules.
Many Ait Ata and Ait Merghad used to come before events of 1927 and 1929 ».