Tinghir and Todra valley.

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The name of Tinghir or Tinerhir

Often transcribed to the Latin alphabet as Tinerhir, sometimes as Tineghir, Tinehir or also Tinergir, the name Tinghir is clearly Berber and seems composed by words TI + N + IGHIR or TIN + IGHIR.

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Ksar Tinghir ou "quartier des Juifs".
The ksar Tinghir

The current opinion in Tinghir is that the name of the town comes from the Berber words TI (that) + the proposal N' (of) + IGHIR (hill), giving the whole "That of te Hill". But we must note that in ancient Berber language the word TIN means "well" and is found very often in toponymy of the region: Tin Missao, Tin Tarabine, Tindouf and even the famous Timbuktu (in Tuareg Tin Bouctou) are good examples. So Tinghir could also derive from TIN + IGHIR, "Hill Well".

L'h˘tel Saghro sur la colline d'Ighir n'Mehalt Ó Tinghir.
The hill of Ighir n'Mehalt

In one case or the other, the hill on which the name refers can only be the Ighir n'Mehalt, where are now the hotel Saghro, the walls of the old French barracks and the ruins of the Kasbah of El Glaoui. Before the construction of this one, the location was often chosen to install the Mehala or military camp of the sultan, from which it took its name.

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